Cell Phones Get Sly

Cell Phones Get Sly

Electrical and Computer Engineering | Faculty of Applied Science
Share Story Related Content Add to my report

It seems that almost everyone in the world has a cell phone or ‘smart device’ to stay in touch with everyone else.

But when something big happens in that world, such as a gas explosion, wild Stanley Cup final or similar localized ‘disaster’, almost everyone will reach for that mobile phone, all at once and repeatedly.

The result: tsunamis of colliding texts, firestorms of bandwidth overload, coming in all at once from all sides. When hit too hard, cellular networks overload: frequency gridlock.

For emergency responders who rely on wireless communications – and for the disaster victims whose very lives depend upon a speedy, coordinated rescue – overloaded cellular networks are very bad news. Even a single dropped call can have big consequences.

With the standard frequencies jammed, the first responders can only wait, frustrated, their own crucial calls fighting to get through the tangle. So why not sidestep the crowded frequencies and take a different – and far broader – route?

Mai Hassan has done exactly that. The PhD candidate in the UBC Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering has discovered a reliable way for cellular signals to ‘piggy back’ aboard the wider spectrum of local television and radio channels – even when those channels are active – and not only get the crucial messages safely and quickly to their destinations but do so without disturbing the ‘borrowed’ carrier signals.

Keeping the TV or radio receivers unaffected means controlling or ‘steering’ the direction of cellular transmissions; Hassan knew that if a wireless device is fitted with an array of internal antennas, such control is possible – but it wouldn’t be cheap.

To achieve a more “cost-efficient solution” she first considered the “cooperation between multiple nearby cell phones, each with its own antenna but together forming “a virtual array of antennas” that can give the same effect of direction control: “Yet this solution had its own challenges. For example, the need to synchronize the cooperative transmission from different cell phones.”

Without getting too technical, Hassan discovered how to ‘shape’ the wireless signal and via a cellphone’s ‘smart’ antennas, select, separate and steer the transmission through the clutter, aligning it neatly with – and unobtrusively aboard – the radio and TV bandwidths. As well, the manipulated signal’s ‘constructive interference’ actually reinforces the signal, turning a potential obstacle into a strong and long-distance strength.

Hassan’s ingenious ‘fix’ has been published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications; the research was supervised by Assistant Professor Jahangir Hossain in the School of Engineering on UBC’s Okanagan campus and Professor Vijay Bhargava in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering on UBC’s Vancouver campus.

Read more about

Research Excellence

Related Content

Mai Hassan has found a way to prevent dropped calls in an emergency. Photo credit: Martin Dee
Hassan’s ingenious ‘fix’ has been published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. Photo credit: Martin Dee

Campus

Okanagan

Campus

Vancouver

"For emergency responders who rely on wireless communications, overloaded cellular networks are very bad news. Even a single dropped call can have big consequences."

Twitter

RT @ubcappscience: .@ECEUBC Victor Leung was honoured in March for his contributions to wireless networking & mobile systems https://t.co/Q…
17 May, 17
RT @ubcappscience: It's World Telecommunications and Information Society Day! Thanks to @eceubc members for their great contributions to th…
17 May, 17
Worried about the WannaCry ransomware attack? ECE's Konstantin Beznosov has some advice to help keep your data safe. https://t.co/yAPigIflfL
16 May, 17
Happy to be a part of it!! https://t.co/Tz0JB6xQwH
8 May, 17
RT @loubosshartubc: .@financialpost story on #Vancouver tech talent cites strong #cybersecurity research at #UBC https://t.co/xe9wSn6RA2 @u…
8 May, 17
Congrats to ECE's Karthik Pattabiraman, who received the Killam Research Fellowship on Apr 5th! https://t.co/PFUA3WwFDS
2 May, 17
RT @ubcappscience: #UBC startup Microdermics secures $1M in funding to scale technology to replace hypodermic needles: https://t.co/X15s3E0…
26 Apr, 17
RT @ieeevanc: #IEEE #Vancouver thanks to @ECEUBC for their generous #sponsorship of our #AGM. Full report and photos at: https://t.co/lCoz…
24 Apr, 17
RT @erhandy: @ECEUBC @ubcengineering your very talented alum https://t.co/nfMbo2Of8v
21 Apr, 17
Hope to see you all there! https://t.co/lEBwKgYqWc
20 Apr, 17

Leave a Reply